Common Packaging and Shipping Terms


200 lb Test

This is a test certification for a corrugated box made with mullen liners. The test determines the bursting strength of a flat specimen of paper, paperboard, film, foil, plywood, corrugated fiberboard, solid fiberboard or other material. Mullen value is determined by the amount of pressure a box can withstand before bursting or being punctured. The weight of the board’s liner constitutes the bulk of the bursting strength. Mullen values are given as a three-digit number, such as 200 lb, and the higher the value the stronger the board.


32 ECT Edge Crush Test (ECT)

This is a true performance test and is directly related to the stacking strength of a carton. ECT is a measure of the edgewise compressive strength of corrugated board. It is measured by compressing a small segment of board on edge between two rigid platens or plates perpendicular to the direction of the flutes until a peak load is established. This is measured in pounds per lineal inch of load bearing edge (lb/in), but usually reported as an ECT value (for example, 32 ECT).


44 ECT – Edge Crush Test (ECT)

This is a true performance test and is directly related to the stacking strength of a carton. ECT is a measure of the edgewise compressive strength of corrugated board. It is measured by compressing a small segment of board on edge between two rigid platens or plates perpendicular to the direction of the flutes until a peak load is established. This is measured in pounds per lineal inch of load bearing edge (lb/in), but usually reported as an ECT value (for example, 44 ECT).           



4G is used to describe common boxes and shipping kits associated with a packaging group that consists of multiple components tested and rated together. All components are tested together as a single unit to arrive at the desired test result; therefore, each component is an integral part of the package and may not be substituted.


Accessorial Charges

Special instructions and/or needs at delivery.  Examples include but are not limited to: liftgate, delivery appointment, residential, limited access, delivery inside facility, delivery notification, university location, construction site delivery, pup truck or straight truck etc.  Accessorial shares are applied to the base tariff rate or base contract rate.



Preventing or inhibiting the buildup of static electricity. 

See all ANTI-STATIC Products



When a bill of lading is accepted or signed by a shipper or shipper’s agent without protest, the shipper is said to acquiesce to the terms, giving a silent form of consent.


Act of God

An act beyond human control, such as lightning, flood or earthquake.



Any material which is applied to form a bond between two surfaces.


Advance Notification

If a carrier needs to notify a consignee before making a delivery, they charge a fee for the extra work.


Air Cargo Shipments/Packaging

Use to safely transfer bulk product from one site to another.


Ambient Temperature

The temperature of a surrounding body. The ambient temperature of a container is the atmospheric temperature to which it is exposed.



A form of protective packaging which combats static discharge to safeguard items stored within.


Assembly (Assembled)

A line/process to put together all the parts and components in order to make the finished product.



A term commonly used in connection with a bill of lading. It involves the transfer of rights, title and interest in order to assign goods by endorsing the bill of lading.



A preformed, flexible container, generally enclosed on all but one side, which forms an opening that may or may not be sealed after filling. Different types of bags include stock and custom polybags, shrink bags, shipping bags, protective mailing bags, bags with air vent holes, currency bags, anti-static bags, double-wall bags, trash can liners, recycled bags, specimen/bio-hazard bags, ice bags, ziplock bags, vinyl cosmetic bags, garment bags, sports bags, specialty bags, cloth bags, reclosable bags, and bags made with specialty films. Graphics and color printing options are available.



A large bundle or package prepared for shipping, storage, or sale. Usually tightly compressed and secured by wires, hoops, or cords.



Something that binds, ties, or encircles the package or container to secure and maintain unit integrity.


Barrier Material

 A packaging material designed to eliminate the passage of gas, moisture and environmental constitutes.


Basis Weight

The weight measured in lbs, of 500 sheets (a ream) of paper cut to a standard size (24x36″).              



The degradation of material from naturally occurring microorganisms, such as bacteria, fungi or algae over a period of time.


Blind Shipment

When a third party controls the transport of freight but does not want the shipper or consignee to know the name of the third-party. Blind delivery is a way to drop-ship products from a seller to a customer without disclosing a third-party or warehouse location. This refers to shipping items without anything identifying PTI.          



Back order; out of stock


Board Grade

A grade given to corrugated board based on three elements; firstly, the weight and type of outer liner, secondly the type of flute and thirdly the weight and type of inner liner.


BOL (Bill of Lading)

The official legal document representing ownership of cargo. It is a negotiable document confirming the receipt of cargoes, and the contract for the carriage of cargoes between the shipper and the carrier.


Booking Number

A reference number for bookings registered with a carrier. It should be unique without duplication for a three-year period.


Break Strength

The amount of force required to break an item; generally given in pounds or pounds per square inch.       



An individual, partnership or corporation which arranges transportation service for client companies. An individual, partnership or corporation which arranges transportation service for client companies.




To adjust scale so accurate weight or count is displayed.


Camera Ready Artwork

Original artwork which is ready for photography; or artwork prepared on computer with all necessary details and colors; to scale, black and white copy. Must be crisp and clear. If more than one color, it needs to be color separated… Camera Ready Art



The volume of space inside a container provided for a given amount of product.



Freight loaded into a ship.



Any individual, company or corporation contracted in transporting cargoes by carriage rail, road, sea,air, inland waterway or by a combination of such modes.





The price per master pack or over pack containing multiple units of the same product      



In plastic shape molding, the parts of the mold that combine to provide the container body shape.



Shrink film is folded in half and wound on the roll. When unfolded, the width listed is doubled.              


Certificate of Origin

Document certifying the country of origin of goods which is normally issued or signed by a the relevant Government Department of the exporting country, or Chamber of Commerce or Embassy.


Cert Stamp

Required by packing regulations to be printed on the bottom outside flap of each corrugated box. Signifies the make up of the box.    


CFC’s (Chloro-Floro Carbons)

Ozone depleting chemical, very harmful to environment. Mainly found in spray cans.      



A low quality non-test paperboard made of waste paper for use where specified strength or quality is not necessary. May be bending or non-bending, used for corrugated pads or as dividers, or as filler in thicker paperboards.



A piece of wood or other material placed at the side of cargo to prevent rolling or moving sideways.



Consignor and consignee – consignor is the sender and the consignee is the recipient.



A demand for payment, credit, or replacement on account of a loss sustained through its alleged negligence.



Clamshell packaging is a rigid container that features a hinged lid with a positive snap closure so the package can be opened and resealed.



A device or technique used to seal the packaging, in corrugated packaging a box can be taped, stapled, glued, strapped or be self-locking (see crash lock boxes).



Acronym for Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black – subtractive primary colors. Printing colors for “4-color process” color reproduction.



Special coatings used on corrugated board for a variety of reasons. These coatings include; waterproof, anti-abrasion, anti-corrosive and pantone color matching.


Commercial Invoice

Represents a complete record of the transaction between exporter and importer with regard to the goods sold. Also reports the content of the shipment and serves as the basis for all other documents about the shipment.



Article shipped. For dangerous and hazardous cargo, the correct commodity identification is critical.


Common Carrier

A transportation company which provides service to the general public at published rates.



A person or company to whom commodities are shipped.



A person or company shown on the bill of lading as the shipper.


Container Load

A load sufficient in size to fill a container either by cubic measurement or by weight.


Container Seal Number

A number embossed on high-security seals for closing up freight containers which will serve identification purposes.


Container Size

The length of a freight container i.e. 20′, 40′ and 45′ (feet).


Container Type

Freight containers are classified under different types, e.g., dry cargo, reefer, open top, flat-rack, open-side, etc.


Concealed Damage

Damage that is not evident from viewing the unopened package.


Corner Reinforcement

Material or components attached to adjacent panels to add support or prevent crushing or seperation


Cost Insurance Freight

A term of sale. The shipper is responsible for those factors up to that point.         


Class 3 rating

Legal for trade. NTEP (National Type Evaluation Program) approved.        



Collect (cash) on Delivery.


Convoluted Foam

Egg carton shaped foam.             


Corner Boards

Edge protectors


Corrugated Board

A packaging material consisting of a central member (medium) which has been fluted on a corrugator and to which one or two flat sheets of paperboard have been glued to form single-faced corrugated board or double-faced (single wall) corrugated fiberboard. The combination of two mediums and three facings is called double wall and the combination of three mediums and four facings is called triple wall. Corrugated board is generally made in four flute sizes, designated A, B, C and E.



A crate is a large container with four walls and a bottom, with or without a top, used for transporting and/or storing large, heavy or fragile items.



Cubic. A unit of volume measurement.


Cubic Foot

1,728 cubic inches. A volume contained in a space measuring one foot high, one foot wide and one foot long.



Packaging cushioning is used to protect fragile and sensitive items during transit.



Government agency charged with enforcing the rules passed to protect the country’s import and export revenues.


Customs Broker

A private business that provides documentation and entry preparation services required by CCRA and U.S. Customs on behalf of an Importer/Exporter of Record. Hired by an importer to carry out Customs related responsibilities and is covered by Power of Attorney to act on behalf of the Importer/Exporter of record.


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